Monday, May 25, 2020

Muslim Women Essay - 943 Words

The American media has a tendency to portray Muslims in a negative light. Some pity Muslims while others feel pure disdain for them. This statement made by Ann Coulter (2001) following the September 11th terrorist attacks demonstrates the disdain for Muslims, â€Å"We should invade their countries, kill their leaders and convert them to Christianity† (as cited in Arab American National Museum, 2011). While this particular statement was directed at all Muslims, there are also many misconceptions directed solely at Muslim women. In this essay, I will discuss the issue of Muslim women and some of the ways in which their reality contradicts the common media representations of women in that area. The first common media representation of†¦show more content†¦A second common assumption of the Muslim women is that they are forced into marriage. While it is true that arranged marriages do still take place in the Muslim world, the marriages are not forced upon anyone (Ahmed , 1999). Before an arranged marriage takes place, parents and older relatives discuss different possible matches, but the person, for whom they are searching a mate, is always involved in the discussions (Ahmed, 1999). Then before the marriage can take place, both future spouses must agree to the marriage in front of witnesses (Ahmed, 1999). A third common media stereotype of Muslim women is that their sole purpose is to please their husbands. Geraldine Brooks author of the book, Nine Parts of Desire: The Hidden World of Islamic Women wrote that Muslim â€Å"women are expected to sacrifice their comfort and freedom to service the requirements of male sexuality; either to repress or stimulate the male sex urge (as cited in Arab American National Museum, 2011). This stereotype is heightened by the fact that Islam allows polygamy. While Islam does allow men to take four wives, it is only advised that they do so under extreme circumstances (Ahmed, 1999). In fact, the Quran recommend s that one wife is best because one who marries multiple wives must treat all of them completely equal and that is a difficult task (Ahmed, 1999). Muslim women like Muslim men play a part in the family, but their part goes way beyond simply pleasing theirShow MoreRelatedMuslim Women Essay571 Words   |  3 PagesIn today’s society women are given ample opportunity just as much as men. In some countries, such as middle-eastern nations that is not the case. Muslim women are often perceived to be submissive to Muslim men and unequal. Mohammed never taught for women to be treated as lower class citizens. Nonetheless, the blame is pointed towards the religion of Islam. The Islamic religion began as all monotheist religions representing a belief in one God and moral standards. In the following essay I will discussRead MoreThe Issue Of Muslim Women2059 Words   |  9 Pagesthe topic of Muslim women. Islamic women have been in the shadows for years, hidden by their spouses, there fore resulting in the reason why so many of them have been the subject of abuse. The devastating incident that led to many deaths on September 11th of 2001, could possibly be the most recent event that has sparked interest with the Muslim population (Daba-Buzoianu 148). Even then, however, Americans were more concerned for their own safety rather than the safety of Muslim women. In the pastRead MoreMuslim Women Are Oppressed By Their Religion Essay1272 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction It appears that there is often a general misconception about Muslim women in Australia; therefore, this investigation will discuss whether or not Muslim women are oppressed by their religion. Oppression is the use of power and control to treat people in an unjust and cruel manner (Merriam Webster 2016). According to the Quran 2016, Islam is a religion of peace, submission, purity and obedience to the wording of Allah (God), which is an Abrahamic, monotheistic faith. Islam is the secondRead MoreContributions Of Prominent Muslim Women1049 Words   |  5 PagesProminent Muslim Women People when asked about Muslim women automatically picture an oppressed, mistreated, woman. One who doesn’t receive her rights and is not acknowledged in anyway. Which is all a misconception only conceived by non- muslims or people who might not have much knowledge in Islam. If they were to look deeper they would be astonished to see a womans worth in Islam and all the rights given towards women. And how women in Islamic history helped shape the religion. Some prominent Muslim womenRead MoreArticle Analysis : American Muslim Women By Jamillah Karim926 Words   |  4 Pagesreligion, the mention of Muslims anywhere strike fear into people. But yet there are more Muslim doctors, writers, engineers, scientist, thriving in first world countries than anyone else. Muslim people lack the ability to have their own identity due to the medias interpretation of them. It’s even more for Muslim women because they will forever be painted as Oppressed. In American Muslim Women by Jami llah Karim, the author gathers information about barriers Muslim women face living in Chicago andRead MoreOppression: Muslim Women in Canada Essay1590 Words   |  7 PagesWord count: 1,489 Throughout history, women have been victims of oppression no matter what religion or background they come from. They have learned from a young age, that their appearance is important to fundamentally be happy in their life. The topic of oppression in woman leads to controversial discussion not only to scholars but women of all parts of the world. How a woman presents herself through appearance and clothing targets her in a society obsessed with each other’s business. In today’sRead MoreWomen s Role Of A Muslim Woman1440 Words   |  6 PagesIn the west, the common picture of a Muslim woman is the stereotype of a woman hidden behind a veil, a voiceless, silent figure, stripped of rights. This picture of the Muslim woman is all too familiar to us, in large part because this is how the western media portrays women in Islam. If this is the picture of what most people think a Muslim woman is, what people think the roles of these women are not any better. Many people would t hink the roles of these women include being a shadow, as in they areRead MoreIn This Day And Age Muslim Women Can In Many Cases Be Seen1422 Words   |  6 PagesIn this day and age Muslim women can in many cases be seen hunting down the light in this dim patriarchal society of India. Various enactments have been instituting over and over, relating to make changes in the solid status of women. The solid status that has been raised by the general public itself which alludes the women as subordinate to men as well as a reliant on them for their extreme survival. This circumstance still perseveres. The reasoning that a woman is someone who needs to hold upRead MoreUniversal Declaration of Human Rights and Muslim Women785 Words   |  3 PagesHoward-Hassman (2011, 440) states that, â€Å"While women, like men, have an interest in enjoying ‘an elemental capacity for self-direction,’ the importance of this capacity is not conceded by all cultures.† It is important to note the significant influence culture has on women’s rights issues. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) raised a variety of questions dealing with the inference of the term â€Å"universal.† It infers that the declaration is meant to represent human rights in all countriesRead MoreMuslim Women, Patriarchy, Islam And Sexual Regulation Of Pakistani Women1434 Words   |  6 Pagesessay, How Not to Talk About Muslim Women; Patriarchy, Islam and Sexual Regulation of Pakistani Women, demonstrates that irrespective of the objective behind the commentary on Muslim women, the mainstream media’s discourse on Islam portrays it as an all-encompassing term to describe the entirety of the Islamic society. Discourses that allow for singular explanation of a culture essentializes its existence regardless of its context. The specific discourse on the ‘Muslim World’ is explained through

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Caribbean Culture and the Way it Formed Essay - 1196 Words

Caribbean Culture and the Way it Formed One of the greatest debates that exists today about the Caribbean is the condition of the socio-culture of the people. Sidney Mintz, Antonio Benitz-Rojo, and Michelle Cliff are three authors that comment on this problem in their writings. They discuss whether there is a lack of identify, unity and culture in the lives of Caribbean people. They examine a culture which was created out of the chaos of slavery, colonialism and the integration of cultures that span from Africa to India. Exploration by the authors is taken from two different views, one by Mintz and Rojo where they are looking on the culture from outside and the other by Cliff who depicts the situation from inside. Sidney Mintz is†¦show more content†¦Mintz and Rojo both see the effects of the Plantations and the slave labor as a positive on the region while Mintz sees the effects of the Plantations as a negative on the people of the region. The existence of the plantations is what caused the present state of the Caribbean, I think that the arrival and proliferation of the plantations is the most important historical phenomenon to have come about in the Caribbean, to the extent that if it had not occurred the islands of the region might today perhaps be miniature replicas-at least in demographic and ethnological terms-of the European nations that colonized them.(Rojo 39) With the need of slave labor, the European owners needed to bring in people to fill these needs. People were brought in from Africa, India and other parts of Asia, this caused the diverse integration’s of cultures that is present in the Caribbean. Since the Caribbean was colonies of England, Spain, France and Netherlands the ruling nations of the islands were constantly changing hands. -European conquest, the native peoples disappearance or retreat, African slavery, plantation economics, Asian immigration, rigid and prolonged colonial domination-there are other obvious factor that would keep the area from being coherent.(Rojo 34) This caused the vast influence of culture on the colonies also. Only the wealthy colonists from these countries had the money to purchase andShow MoreRelatedEssay on Different Perspectives of The Caribbean1433 Words   |  6 PagesDifferent Perspectives of The Caribbean The history of the Caribbean is in a sense a very complicated matter. There is no easy way to go about describing the events that have created what the Caribbean is today. The complex situations that have formed the Caribbean can be seen from different points of views. The varying perceptions of the Caribbean will often contradict each other in numerous ways, while at the same time showing agreement in some areas. Thus, leaving someone with a rather tangledRead MoreCaribbean Culture Is Affected By Migration1334 Words   |  6 Pages Caribbean culture is affected greatly by migration. The foundation of Caribbean culture was based on the forced migration of African people, indentured east-Indian workers, the migration and colonization’s of European powers like the Spanish, British, and French. The history of each island is individually different but they all share the foundation of a syncretism for development each nation’s culture. Over time how individuals would migrate from country to country has changed a lot, especiallyRead More The Caribbean’s Cultural History Essay1701 Words   |  7 PagesThe Caribbean’s Cultural History Columbus’ discovery in 1492 set off a chain of events in the emergence of the Caribbean society, as Knight states in his book The Caribbean. The first voyage of Columbus in 1492 fortuitously discovered a whole new world and set in motion a chain of events whose profound consequences gave new directions to the histories of Europe, Africa, the Americas, and Asia. It was the voyages of Columbus and those who followed him that brought the Americas into the consciousnessRead MoreCaribbean Music1076 Words   |  5 PagesCARIBBEAN MUSIC Introduction: Caribbean music originated from the Caribbean Islands, also known as the West Indies, and is a mixture of West African and European predominantly Spanish influences. The music has its origin when West African slaves were brought to Caribbean Island. They composed music with the help of percussion instruments like drums, bells and shakers. The music had unique musical style elements with special tempo-setting rhythms created by claves or bells, multi-layered andRead More The Institution of Slave Trade Essay1533 Words   |  7 Pagesexperiences of slavery that occurred in the Caribbean were to form a monumental part of that regions culture, society, and everyday interactions, both in the past and in the present. The culture that is present today in the Caribbean is the result of many different influences varying from those introduced by ruling colonial countries, to influences that the slaves stressed, and even from brand new colonies being developed. The diverse and multifaceted cult ure that is present today is a direct resultRead Moreâ€Å"the History of the Caribbean Is the History of the Exploitation of Labour† - with Reference to Slavery and the Encomienda Labour System†1045 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"The history of the Caribbean is the history of the exploitation of labour† - with reference to slavery and the Encomienda labour system† In the above statement â€Å"the history of the Caribbean is the history of the exploitation of labour,† it simply states that the Caribbean’s history is basically the history of its exploitation of labour. The definitions of keywords exploitation and labour must be considered. Exploitation can be defined as the practice of taking selfish or unfair advantage of aRead MoreAmerican Free Trade Agreement ( Nafta ) And Mercosur Essay1559 Words   |  7 Pages Each Member State faces difficulties with exportations to other countries in North America, Latin America and Europe (Development Paths in the Caribbean). The disadvantage is that these other countries have already established their own trading blocs such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and Mercosur. There is a need for Caribbean countries to become part of the ‘bigger picture’ and discontinue assuming that their traditional schemes and old markets will continue to sustain themRead MoreChattel Slavery1359 Words   |  6 Pagestheir offspring are recognised by the law as being the property of another person for life. This system was established by Europeans and formed the basis of transatlantic slavery With due respect to the I s good intentions, from all that I have read and studied it would be a mockery to compare Indian indentureship to African chattel slavery in the Caribbean. Firstly, Indians were allowed to retain: their family (Africans had theirs split up); their language (Africans had the use of theirsRead MoreInternational Trade, Globalization And Market Entry1515 Words   |  7 Pages2017) The Caribbean have been in trade agreement for more than 30 years these agreements have given Caribbean countries the opportunities to do business with different regions to invest and trade with each other. Globalization is the process of increase interconnectedness among countries most notably in the areas of economics, politics and culture where there is free transfer of capital, goods and services across national frontiers. (What is Globalization) Globalization in the Caribbean has reallyRead MoreRacism : A Very Short Introduction889 Words   |  4 Pagesareas of the world, specifically areas in or around Africa. But slavery can be seen back in the 1500s all the way to 1880 and was most likely a leading example of what helped define racism up to the 20th century. In Ali Rattansi’s book, â€Å"Racism: A Very Short Introduction† , the author connects how slavery and race are closely tied together. European explorers would ignore the cultures the invaded in order to see these people as nothing more than native groups that were meant to be seen in a subservient

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Functionalism And Radcliffe Brown s Functionalism

Part A. In its infancy, the field of anthropology was dominated by only a few schools of thought. In its very earliest years, evolutionism and diffusionism were the foremost theories in anthropology. However, two other theories promptly took the place of evolutionism and diffusionism and ruled the landscape of anthropology for a large swath of the twentieth century. These two theories are known as functionalism, which was developed by Bronislaw Malinowski, and structural functionalism -- developed by A.R. Radcliffe-Brown. The two theories are similar, in that, both theories examine the function phenomena have in maintaining social cohesion. However, Malinowski’s functionalism and Radcliffe-Brown’s functionalism are vastly different and†¦show more content†¦Radcliffe-Brown says society is made up of countless structures, that is to say social relationships, that make up any given society. These structures, according to Radcliffe-Brown, have cultures that allow members t o participate in any given society. For example, Radcliffe-Brown would say that an individual’s relationship with a structure such as religion, allows that individual to participate in the society he or she is a member of. The gist of structural functionalism is structures produce culture which hold the society-at-large together. Malinowski and Radcliffe-Brown disagree in their theories about the role of the individual. Malinowski and functionalism focus on the role of the individual in a society. Functionalism is all about society and culture satisfying the biological needs of an individual. In other words, individuals can have their biological needs met by forming relationships with other people. Social systems are only created as a vehicle to advance oneself and fulfill one’s biological needs. Radcliffe-Brown’s structural functionalism sees the individual as fundamentally irrelevant. In fact, his view is almost the opposite of Malinowski’s view of the individual in society. Structural functionalism says that people form structures, not for the advancement of themselves, but for the advancement and cohesion of the greater society. Fundamentally, structural functionalism and Radcliffe-Brown say that individuals are replaceableShow MoreRelatedScience Which Deals With The Establishment And Development Of Human Societies Essay1589 Words   |  7 Pagestake care of it after addressing the functionalism and the structuralism. Talcon Parsons (1902-1979) was the theoretical more outstanding of the sociology American of the period of post-war. Author prolific, wrote about many areas of the sociology empirical and theoretical. He made contributions to the study of the family, the bureaucracy, professions and politics, among others. Was one of those authors that more contributed to the development of the functionalism, an approach theoretical of which hadRead MoreFunctionalism Of Sociology And Social Anthropology Essay3360 Words   |  14 PagesFUNCTIONALISM IN SOCIOLOGY In sociology and social anthropology the term functional analysis is used not only in the mathematical sense, where a function expresses a correspondence between two variables such that the second, or dependent, variable is said to be a function of the first, or the independent variable. Sociologists, of course, like all scientists, are interested in establishing such dependencies. The term functional analysis in their work also has a special connotation similar toRead MoreAn Introduction To Psychology . The American Psychological1758 Words   |  8 Pagesscience like biology and philosophy. The different schools of psychology was to represent the major theories within psychology. Wundt was able to form one of the many systems of psychology; structuralism. Along with existentialism, behaviorism and functionalism which are just a few of the traditional schools and systems of psychology. These schools of psychology have influence human knowledge and understanding of psychology. The Existentialism, influence and the application of treatment. One of the manyRead Moresociology4813 Words   |  20 PagesThe ancient Indian philosophy consists of six schools of thought, these are Yoga, Sankhya, Nyaya, Vaishesika, Vedanta, Mimamsa. These are valuable sources for social thought. Moreover, the Upanishads consist of philosophical enquiries into the man s inner life and final destiny. Indian society had the impact of Islamic tradition which gave rise to the Sufi cult and had influence on the life-style and value system. (b) Impact of British: The traditional handicraft of India was unable to match withRead MoreTracing Theoretical Approaches to Crime and Social Control: from Functionalism to Postmodernism16559 Words   |  67 Pages.............................................................................. 1-5 Introductory information CHAPTER 2 ....................................................................................................................... 6 FUNCTIONALISM, ANOMIE, AND STRAIN THEORY ........................................................ 6-25 Strain theory ............................................................................................................... 12 Merton‘s Anomie (strain)

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Hunger and Poverty Essay Example For Students

Hunger and Poverty Essay Hunger and Poverty Hunger and Poverty During the course of this particular essay, I will prove to you many points. Maybe not to the extreme that it will change ones thought processes on the subject of hunger and world poverty, but enough to form a distinction between moral obligation and moral capacity. What I will not mention is the fact that Peter Singers outdated material (1971), though thorough in the sense of supporting his view on hunger and world poverty as well as examining this school of thought, is unconvincing to say the least. As our recent past has shown us, using Somalia and Rwanda as models, no amount of money or time on earth can come between a civil war. Terrible things happen, innocent people are slain in the names of either freedom or captivity, and land is destroyed, burned by the flames of either righteousness or wrath. But placing the burden of attempting to heal these wounds on the well off is not only immoral in itself, it is crazy. To consider an act a moral obligation, it must have an end that fits within the realm of reason. If someone is obligated to do something, then the purpose of that action holds meaning, therefore making the act a meaningful act. A characteristic of a meaningful act is a justifiably important end, that is, an end that which holds a higher purpose than the action against the obligated act. One can argue, using history as an example, that ending world poverty and hunger is not a reasonable goal. Singer uses the term morally significant throughout his essay, citing that we our morally obligated to help others in need to the point that what we have is morally significant to our well being. He does not attempt to provide if, ands, or exceptions to this rule, which I find, at the least, morally unconstitutional. Granted this is only a school of thought, that type of thought is considerably dangerous in the sense that it eliminates the right of individual happiness. This thought, which Singer attributes to the fact that we are all part of the global community, provides little reasoning to make a person honestly consider the act of help. Who is to say what is considered to be of comparable moral significance? Does Singer honestly believe that the typical American citizen, after reading one of his manifestos, will turn down the 57 projection television and opt for the 13 one, and then send the money they saved to the African War Baby Relief Fund? Hell no. For all we know, Singer may argue that a television is not a comparably moral significant item. And in todays society and culture, that is not a reasonable end. Singer uses St. Thomas Aquinas (12th century Italian theologian and philosopher) as a reference to his philosophical view, and although Aquinas was one of the foremost experts on religion and humanism, he is not living in the 21st century. Singers views border a utopian society, and although they sound good, they prove impossible. John Arthur, whos essay Rights and the Duty to Bring Aid, looks to disprove Singers theory and, at the least, provide an alternative that would satisfy the demands of the time. This is where the line between moral obligation and moral capacity is drawn. Now, the case of the drowning child, while seemingly obvious, is very far from it (according to both Singer and Arthur). Saving the child, without risk of personal injury, is the moral thing to do. Arthur even goes as far as to add that it is morally acceptable to use a boat that is not yours to aid in the rescue. .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 , .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 .postImageUrl , .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 , .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4:hover , .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4:visited , .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4:active { border:0!important; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4:active , .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4 .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ub31936c0f4e0969a8502bd373c2f94e4:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Adrienne Rich's Rape Essay He contends that duties to bring aid can override duties not to violate rights. I contend that this is acceptable, but only if an immediate end is the result. The saving of the drowning child, after all precaution are taken, is well within a capacity. This is something that is accomplishable immediately, and if not immediately, within a reasonable time frame. Capacity. Capability. All things that people, regardless of economic status, can do. But as the case may be, there are economic differences and some people have the power to do more than others do. It is called sacrifice. It does not require the end of owning material goods for ones own pleasure, just simply limitations done voluntarily to ensure the well being of the human race. If people choose not to participate, so be it. Are we supposed to get angry with them? What would that accomplish? Limiting the consumption of meat products, while still a radical idea, is an idea nonetheless. Labeling such duties as moral obligations does not help the hungry and the poor, it just creates more. Word Count: 793

Friday, April 10, 2020

Establishment of the rye grass

One of the most remarkable features in most of the American homes is the lawn grass. A lot of efforts go into making and sustaining the lawn all year round. But most importantly knowing which grass grows fastest and in which region is vital for having a good lawn.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Establishment of the rye grass specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Thus it is important to know how each of the various types of grasses grows and the period of time it takes for them to germinate. Research has established that the rye grass is the fastest growing type of grass amongst those found in America. This type of grass is highly recommended for cool season periods. This type of grass is popular because of its rich deep green color, which makes it very attractive especially on the lawn. The rye grass seed has the potential to germinate in less than three weeks of planting. It also grows at the same fast spee d which means that it can make a mature lawn within the shortest period. This also means that there is minimal waste of seed through surface wash away or rotting making it one of the most successful grasses to grow. There are two types of rye grasses: the annual rye grass which is rather slower in the rate of germination and growth, and the perennial rye grass which germinate faster than the annual rye grass Rye grass seeds become well established in cool and moist conditions. The contact of the soils has to be increased for maximum effect. There are other factors that affect the establishment t of rye grass seeds. They include Cultmulching as well as keeping the soils moisture sufficient. If the rye grass establishment has to reach maximum expectation. The level of competition for space and nutrients between the seeds as well as from other varieties of grasses has to be kept very low. Per acreage about 20 to 30 pounds of rye grass seeds has to be maintained. To avoid over soaking a nd rotting of rye grass seeds have to be germinated in well drained loamy soils preferably in low lying plains. The best method of planting ryegrass is the broadcasting method. Broadcasting can be done using either hands or by machine. However machine broadcast is the most efficient.Advertising Looking for research paper on agriculture? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Rye grass is well established in fields or lawns that have been cultivated well before planting. Mechanical seeding does produce the best results. The bests seeding depths ranges from 1/4 to 3/4 inches deep, which mean that rye grass seed thrive on shallow seeding. Because rye grass seed establishment is moisture sensitive, broadcasting method is used for soils with sufficient amount of moisture. For soils with limited moisture content, row seeding is used where wider rows are used. Where row method is used the results are less sufficient than when broadcasting i s used (Ehlke and Undersander para 12). While ryegrass is used in lawns well because of its deep rich green color, it can also be used as fodder. This is because of a number of factors. Studies in the recent past suggest that rye grass is one of the highest yielding types of grass when all conditions for establishment are observed. Per acreage, it has been found out that about rye grass yields about 1,430 pounds. This means that if the grass is grown for lawn then the desired lawn thickness is achieved and if grown for fodder the desired volume is realized. To increase the quality if the ryegrass fodder, planters are encouraged to use nitrogenous fertilizers during broadcasting. Actually there is about a 50% difference in the volume of fodder realized from fields where nitrogenous fertilizers have been used and those where not. It has also been found that the use of nitrogenous fertilizer increase the protein level in ryegrass fodder. When ryegrass is established with other types of grasses as fodder it generally increases its value as well as the quality (College of Agricultural and Life Sciences paras 5 – 8). Furthermore, rye grass can be used to build the soils, reduce surface run off thus keeping erosion to a minimum, improving the organic content of the soil as well as keeping the level of nitrogen optimum (Rye Grass Cover Crop para 3). Rye grass suffers for winterkill and as such it may need protection from such adverse effect as such needs protection by other crops. Even though mixing rye grass with other companion crops increases the completion during summer and spring, during winter, these crops acts as cover to protect rye grass (Ehlke and Undersander para 9).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Establishment of the rye grass specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Weeding is better done before seeding. The most effective method of weeding is chemical. However, due to the se nsitivity of the chemical method often used, it always useful to get information on chemical weeding from any county agricultural office. Mechanical methods can be used, but are laborious and less effective. The history of rye grass cultivation dates back to the 1930s. During this time a lot of vegetation was destroyed and as environmentalist suggested grass cultivation done as one of the methods of conservation. Thus extensive research yielded result that rye grass was one of the fastest growing grasses. Early researchers who made significant contribution in rye grass research include The John Innes researchers, who made significant studies in the crop breeding including (Murphy 79). In the 1950s a researcher by the name Schultz found out that when rye grass was cultivated with other types of grasses, it germinated and generated faster than the rest. Furthermore Schultz found out that the rye grass did well in altitudes of about 2500 above sea level. Such and other historical resea rch work has led to the current knowledge on the cultivation of the rye (Barro and Conrad 4). Works Cited Barro, Susan and Conrad, Susan. â€Å"Use of Ryegrass Seeding as an Emergency Revegetation Measure in Chaparral Ecosystems† 2011. Web. College of Agricultural and Life Sciences . â€Å"Annual Ryegrass Trial Shows Limits, Promise (Research Brief #47).† 2011. Web. Ehlke, Newton and Undersander, Dwight. â€Å"Cool-Season Grass Seed Production.† 2011. Web.Advertising Looking for research paper on agriculture? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Murphy, Denis. Plant Breeding and Biotechnology: Societal Context and The Future Of Agriculture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2007. Print. Rye Grass Cover Crop. â€Å"Annual Ryegrass and Cereal Rye.† 2011. Web. This research paper on Establishment of the rye grass was written and submitted by user Jadon Brooks to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Monday, March 9, 2020

War Poetry Essay Example

War Poetry Essay Example War Poetry Paper War Poetry Paper Essay Topic: George Herbert Poems Poetry Into the stuff of his thought and utterance, whether he be on active service or not, the poet-interpreter of war weaves these intentions, and cooperates with his fellows in building up a little higher and better, from time to time, that edifice of truth for whose completion can be spared no human experience, no human hope. George Herbert Clarke War is rife with suffering, forcing everyone involved to endure the most extreme of conditions. Armed conflict itself unavoidably places all those involved in mortal danger. Some find this to be a honourable test of courage, others as a waste of precious young lives. However, war has an effect on people outside of soldiers who fight. Numerous other, including relatives of soldiers who have fought, young and innocent children who are confused by the loud noises and the need for their precious father to go to arms and all those people whose houses have are destroyed or used as military fortifications. In some way, war has an effect on everyone. Naturally, war raises many questions, what is the purpose of war? Many have pondered why some of the most intelligent world leaders have had to retort to the most basic of reactions. In light of the recent events in America, the purpose of war is even more relevant. Is a knee-jerk reaction always the right and moral thing to do? Many would say no. If it were merely a question of good versus bad, right versus wrong, then war would serve a straightforward moral purpose. However, it is not usually a case of good versus bad, and in reality the cause of many conflicts in difficult to comprehend. Why do many use religion as their reason to go to arms, when the bases of most religions are forgiveness and peace? Everyone understands the physical torment and horrors of war; many hope never to observe sights like that. However, something draws young men to fight. The media plays a great role in attracting young men to fight, many project war to be something to achieve glory in, and some however act as a deterrent to fight. It is the same with this collection of poetry. There are two clear sections: glory and honour or gruesome and horror. Some poems however, lie in between these two margins and others create new sectors of their own. It is important to discuss the contents of each poem so we can understand the poets own thoughts on war. The first poem to be discussed is To Lucasta, Going to the Wars by Richard Lovelace. It is important to understand the poets background to get a good reason why he had this particular view of war. Lovelaces father died at arms and Richard himself served with the French army during the English civil war. However, his Royalist sympathies lost him his fortune and he died in poverty. Many would think that this would cause him to have a bad view of war but obviously not. The poem is comparatively very simple to understand. The speaker loves the women he addresses, Lucasta. However, he also loves the honour that war brings. His lover is chaste and quiet, Of thy chaste breast and quiet mind he believes to be with her is to be in a nunnery. The speaker does not want Lucasta to believe that he is cruel in leaving her, tell me not, sweet, I am unkind, this opening line tells us of his impending announcement which must be something that she, as any common person would, disagrees with. He is deeply attracted to her, but he has a need for something rather more exciting. Indeed, he goes to war and arms. It is obvious that he is greatly competitive and wishes to confront not only the enemy in general but he wants to be the person to confront, The first foe in the field. The use of alliteration captures the urgency with which he feels. This first foe is described as his new mistress. She is described as being the new object of his devotion, which he chases, he is so eager to posses her obsesses him. It is obvious by this point that his new mistress is in fact honour. He believes in battle much more passionately than he believes in the gentleness of Lucasta. He embraces with a stronger faith the sword, horse and shield of war. It is almost as if he is making love to his mistress, quite different to the relationship he has had with his chaste lover. He is forced to explain his lack of fidelity. He believes that once he has achieved his honour he will become a better lover to Lucasta. His virility his whole sense of being as a man- will be improved. In summate he believes that he will be a better lover when he achieves honour: I could not live thee, dear, so much, Loved I not honour more. He may love honour more than Lucasta, but his prowess as a lover will increase in proportion to the amount of honour he wins. It is obvious that Lovelace believes that war is a good source of honour and this is what draws young men to arms. It is also clear to see that he believes war to be glorious and a route to honour, and in such this poem agrees with many others in the collection. The next poem to be discussed portrays war as being the complete opposite of honourable. The main point of After Blenheim is that war affects not just those who fight in them. Ordinary civilian also suffer. Southey uses certain words with an increasing irony throughout the poem. The poem revolves mainly around three voices, on old and the other two are very young. None of them really understands the great and famous. The poem starts in a rather tranquil manner. The imagery of an old man surrounded by his grandchildren, resting on a summers evening after his days work is done is a very peaceful thought. So far, the poet has introduced us to a peaceful poem and it is obvious that the mood is not going to change. The childrens innocent play is interrupted when Peterkin discovers an object which apparent to be a dead soldiers skull. Old Kaspar says he often discovers the skulls of men who fought at Blenheim: And often when I go to plough The ploughshare turns then out. For many thousand men, said he Were slain in that great victory. Naturally, the children ask what was the purpose of the fighting however Kaspar is unable to provide a valid answer. The little he does know is that the battle was between the British and the French. He also adds the important fact that many civilians suffered also: With fire and sword the country round Was wasted far and wide, And many a childing mother then, And newborn baby died Kaspar also mentions that his father lost his house and was forced to become a refugee. The destruction and slaughter were widespread and indiscriminate. Nursing mothers died with their young, innocent babies. Numerous dead corpses were left to rot on the battlefield. The most important part of the poem is how Southey uses the words great and famous to continuously change meaning. The words are used with increasing irony. Great means large so we assume that a great victory implies that it had remarkable importance and that it had considerable moral validity. Similar to this is the word famous which basically means know to many people, but again used in this context one must assume that it means admirable or well known for its positive contribution to civilisation. It is obvious that Southey has purposely stripped the words of their positive meanings, the words great and famous contradicting with the overwhelming impression of a battle which resulted in much unnecessary suffering, huge losses of human life, and wanton destruction of property. The poet introduces even more irony in the tenth stanza where he has little Willhelmine stating what the reader has been thinking for much of the poem: Why, twas a very wicked thing! The irony introduced by Southey here shows us that a little child can be very good in observing the truth of the matter; it is clear to little Willhelmine that this was not a great victory at all, however, wisdom of Kaspars old mind finds it impossible to summon such thought. It is made clear by the further irony used in the last paragraph what Southeys views on war are. He states ironically that the duke of Marlboroughs received great praise (amongst other large rewards) however, it is still unclear to Peterkin why so much carnage had to be caused, and surely there was a purpose to all this suffering. In the penultimate sentence Kaspar confirms everybodys thoughts and admits that he does not even know the purpose of the war, however he knows that it was a great victory. It is obvious by the language and irony used by Southey that After Blenheim strongly contrasts with those which link war with honour and glory. Therefore, in our groups in the collection this makes up the second major group, where war is thought of as a purposeless and evil thing; just a waste of young lives. The Charge of the Light Brigade vastly contradicts Southeys view of war however, it also agrees with it on some levels. On first reading the poem the reader instantly notices the rhythm, this helps us somewhat to imagine the pace and urgency of the riders. The French general Pierre Bosquet famously said of this event: Cest magnifique, mais ce nest pas la guerre. By this he meant it is magnificent, but it is not war. this sentiment is very much expressed by Tennyson. The main point of the poem is the celebration of the soldiers unquestioning obedience to orders, despite the fact that it was obvious to everyone involved that failure was inevitable. The command, Forward, the Light Brigade! is followed by the comment, Was there a man dismayed? the answer to this obviously being no. Tennyson goes on to add with some irony about the role of a soldier: Theirs not to make reply, Theirs not to reason why, Theirs but to do and die. Tennyson comments on how soldiers a merely pawns at the command of their generals whim. He also comments on the widespread knowledge that few of them would survive. The poem continues with the rhythms and images of the poem captured by the sound of the horses hooves thundering into the Valley of Death. The words that Tennyson uses for this line refer to the bible, Psalm 23 in particular. This is important as the religious link obviously refers to the great sacrifice made by Jesus. The next stanza is full of cinematic imagery: Cannon to right o them, Cannon to left of them, Cannon in front of them, Volleyed and thundered; We vividly see the men, the horses, the artillery, the smoke and the deaths of so many innocent men and horses. The shouting of orders in the first two stanzas increases the whole drama of the situation. The above quote gives us the impression of a caged animal, unable to escape. Repetition of certain words also plays a large part too, in particular the number 600, reminding us of just how many lives were out in jeopardy by the incompetence of those in command. The heroism of the men is highlighted once again: Stormed at with shot and shell, Boldly the rode and well, Despite the fact that they are being shot at, they continue to fight on. This sort of heroism contrast greatly with the foolery of the commanders. The poem highlights the incompetence of those in command, Some one had blundered; Tennyson emphasises the breath taking failure of judgement on part of the commanders by using a word of such strength. In line thirty-one, All the world wondered shows the shock of the nation on how not only such mistake may have been made but also the unconditional obedience of the men. Tennyson continues to highlight the fortitude that the Light Brigade fought with: Plunged in the battery-smoke Right through the line they broke; Cossack and Russian reeled from the sabre-stroke Even though the Light Brigade had inferior equipment and inferior number of troops the courage led them to break through the Russian line. In the fifth stanza Tennyson begins by repeating the well known phrase, however this time with Cannon behind them showing us that the Light Brigade are now fleeing the Valley, however Tennyson somehow manages to convey a sense of courage in this act. The last stanza shows that the glory achieved by the Light Brigade will never be forgotten, When can their glory fade? The last three lines really show Tennysons feelings, Honour the charge they made! Honour the Light Brigade, Noble six hundred! He commands us to remember and honour the courageous Light Brigade. The Charge of the Light Brigade really sits on the fence; it is most certainly a poem of glory and heroism however, it also asks important questions. It accepts the fact that not every soldier can be involved in the making of decisions and so unflinching obedience can be expected. However, they must atleast have confidence that those order are rational. There is no room for blunders. The valour with which the Light Brigade fought has led to nothing. Ode, Written in the Beginning of the Year 1746 is a rather abstract poem. The poem writes about dead soldiers, however there are no wounds. They physical realities of death in battle are disguised by abstractions. The euphemism of death in the first line describes it as sleep again a very vague and abstract sense of death. The word sleep also brings a sense of peace and one instantly assumes the person is now at peace. The corpses are transformed into the brave. The second line gives us the impression that all their country blessed them before they died. Personification plays a large role in this poem; Honour and Freedom are given capital letters and personified as a pilgrim and as a hermit respectively. Collins adds Spring and Fancy as people saying that she shall decorate a better mound of earth than has ever been trod upon. Fairies make an appearance too, ringing their funeral knell. This poem romanticises the view of the dead. The language is very frivolous and the thoughts pious and patriotic. This shows a very narrow-minded view of war and shows that the poet has very little idea of the physical realities of war, the horror, the pain and the suffering. This poem is very hymn like in its structure. The language is very varied and descriptive in an abstract manner, and warrants closer examination. The use of imagery is quite superb: There Honour comes, a pilgrim grey, To bless the turf that wraps their clay, The spring fingers the corpses, sprinkling them with dew. This idea clearly contrasts strongly with a darker view of corpses such as shown in The Hyaenas, discussed later. The next poem, On the Idle Hill, is my personal favourite poem out of the collection. The stark contrast Houseman creates between the calm, peaceful, tranquillity of sitting upon a hill in the country and the vision of soldiers marching off to war and inevitably some to death is very thought provoking. There are other strong contrasts too, the men are, Dear to friends and food for powder. The gunpowder is personified, its unquenchable appetite implied. The image of young, fit men is contrasted with graphic images of their corpses. The men have been violently treated and stripped of identity: Bleach the bones of comrades slain, Lovely lads and dead and rotten; None that go return again. These images are fixed in the speakers and the readers mind, and therefore there is an expectation that the speaker in the poem will resist becoming a solider himself at all costs. However, the final stanza shows a new skin becoming darker and more unexpected. The bugles, drums, and fifes seem to be calling to him. The last line is of the utmost importance: Woman bore me, I will rise. He is human, similar to Macduff in Shakespeares Macbeth he is born of a woman, so he will rise from his idle hill to join the files of scarlet. The speaker acknowledges the grim reality of war, but he is unable to resist its call. He fulfils his basic human instinct of fighting for the survival of his fellow man. There is no way to opt out. The idea of comradeship is very important in this poem. This poem talks about the irresistibility of war. The last poem to be discussed is possibly the most important to be discussed. The Hyaenas talks about how humans are worse than animals. The hyenas use the dead men only for meat, To take account of our dead. They are interested in the dear corpses of the soldiers only as food, How he died and why he died Troubles them not a whit. They pull them out of their shallow graves on the battlefield and eat them. This is horrible to imagine however, they are doing only what comes naturally to them, their basic instinct is to survive. Kipling continues on to state how hyenas are better than humans are once again: They are only resolute they shall eat, That they and their mates may thrive. Hyenas are soulless and, therefore, innocent of any malice. They are only scavengers: they did not kill the men in the first place. This surely makes them better than humans. In the first stanza the kites are described as baffled. It seams illogical that the humans should kill each other like this, and for what purpose. The hyenas are described as wise, since it is easier to dig up fresh meat that trying to kill prey for themselves. The reader gets the impression that the hyenas are much wiser than the foolish humans who have done such dreadful things to each other. They eat to survive, not in excess, and not out of gluttony. The dead soldiers a poor dead soldier of the king with pitiful face are past suffering now. They are not affected by the hyenas feeding. What the hyenas do is very private, But it is not discovered to living men. There are no human beings around to see. Only God sees this along with the soulless and therefore, innocent hyenas. The language used by Kipling is very thought provoking. In particular the final two lines. Through out the poem the poet has criticised mankind for the behaviour to each other. He says that the hyenas do not disrepect the dead mens name, this is upto the humans: Nor do they defile the dead mans name That is reserved for his kind. There is neither honour nor glory in this poem, merely pity, sadness and anger at the cruelty that mankind can be so shameless. The poets discussed are not merely individual poems they make up the collection of pre 1914 war poetry. There are many trends that can be seen in the collection, the simpleton might say that its a matter of glory and pointlessness. However, this is not the case. Yes there are poems which are like this but the majority are not clear cut. Some fit into the category of war being death and mutilation. Others fit into war being a route to glory and others being war brings dishonour to those who wage it. The irresistibly of war is also stated and the fact that war brings suffering non-combatants too. The majority of the collection fits into many of these categories and many more. I have discovered a variety of responses in this collections many of them are difficult to categorise. The poems that describe war as a waste of young lives and as a source of death and mutilation are: Drummer Hodge, Come up From the Fields Father, The Charge of the Light Brigade, The Drums and A Christmas Ghost story. However, other poems refer to war being a route to glory: To Lucasta, Going to Wars, The Charge of the Light Brigade and Ode, Written in the Beginning Of The Year 1746. Many people would say that war is necessary; one must fight for what they want; however, I disagree. I personally take Kiplings point of view on war, war is useless and all those who wage it are dishonourable. However, I also agree that soldiers are merely pawns doing a job. Surely, it is not their fault if their commanders choose to wage wars, there is not always a correct and responsible way to resolve problems and inevitably problems will occur. In summate it would be a different essay if I wished to talk about my own view point on war, however, it must be mentioned to show the impact of war. My own view point is that war is not necessary all the time, however, sometimes it is needed. Referring to the quote included at the beginning of my essay. Poets must write about war, all write from their own perspective, the poem would be negligible if it did not show the poets thoughts. However, if I had to write a poem on war it would not be about glory or honour, nor would it be about shame and death. My poem would be about truth and hope.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Management Practices ETC Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Management Practices ETC - Term Paper Example ETC Group fundamentally deals with the issues related to agriculture (ETC Group, n.d). They especially measure the international affairs pertaining to the field of agriculture which includes maintenance of agricultural biodiversity and securities along with developed and modern technological impact on agriculture. ETC group is a non-profitable organization and it majorly sustains on the donated funds. They generally focus on the process of developing a greener environment. The working procedure of ETC Group signifies that it works as a research team in order to collect particular information on a specific region for protecting the environment (Brodhead, 2001). From the performance and progress made by the ETC Group it is assumed that they manage their operational process systematically in order to conduct their research and education to collect proper and sufficient information with regard to a particular environment. With reference to the context, it can be stated that ETC Group mak es certain of the persuasion of the management practices throughout its operations. ETC Group has considered the processes of planning, leading, organizing, staffing and controlling which are considered to be few of the fundamental rudiments of management practices. Management practice can be defined as the process of managing the specified process systematically. Planning can be defined as the process of considering certain measures for framing a structure in accordance with the operational process.... From the performance and progress made by the ETC Group it is assumed that they manage their operational process systematically in order to conduct their research and education to collect proper and sufficient information with regard to a particular environment. With reference to the context, it can be stated that ETC Group makes certain of the persuasion of the management practices throughout its operations. ETC Group has considered the processes of planning, leading, organizing, staffing and controlling which are considered to be few of the fundamental rudiments of management practices. Management practice can be defined as the process of managing the specified process systematically. Planning Planning can be defined as the process of considering certain measures for framing a structure in accordance with the operational process which requires to be pursued. The facet of planning has been known to entail certain forms with the assistance of which the functions of an organization ar e executed. The types of planning are corporate planning which is referred as a process in which the organization thinks of the long term organizational or future goals along with formulating strategies to attain the intended organizational objectives. Functional planning can be defined as the procedure in which the higher officials of the organization focuses upon the chief internal functions as well as deciding on the organizational structure which is believed to help the organization to perform its operations systematically. Strategic planning is described as the measure which is designed with the aim of facilitating the growth in relation to the organization along with it future development. Operational planning generally involves